Diversity-Related Suggested Readings

The purpose of the list of suggested readings below is to advance the knowledge of the Marist community and to encourage dialogue on issues related to diversity . The College does not necessarily endorse these publications and/or authors.

Academic Books/References

Black on the Block: The Politics of Race and Class in the City
By Mary Pattillo. In Black on the Block, Mary Pattillo—a Newsweek Woman of the 21st Century—uses the historic rise, alarming fall, and equally dramatic renewal of Chicago’s North Kenwood–Oakland neighborhood to explore the politics of race and class in contemporary urban America. There was a time when North Kenwood–Oakland was plagued by gangs, drugs, violence, and the font of poverty from which they sprang. But in the late 1980s, activists rose up to tackle the social problems that had plagued the area for decades. Black on the Block tells the remarkable story of how these residents laid the groundwork for a revitalized and self-consciously black neighborhood that continues to flourish today. But theirs is not a tale of easy consensus and political unity, and here Pattillo teases out the divergent class interests that have come to define black communities like North Kenwood–Oakland. She explores the often heated battles between haves and have-nots, home owners and apartment dwellers, and newcomers and old-timers as they clash over the social implications of gentrification. Along the way, Pattillo highlights the conflicted but crucial role that middle-class blacks play in transforming such districts as they negotiate between established centers of white economic and political power and the needs of their less fortunate black neighbors.

Black Picket Fences : Privilege and Peril Among the Black Middle Class
By Mary Pattillo-McCoy. This book is the product of a three-year ethnographic study of Groveland, a black middle-class neighborhood on Chicago's South Side. Sociologist Patillo-McCoy challenges the myth that a thriving black middle class has relocated to white suburban neighborhoods, abandoning the black underclass in inner-city wastelands. She demonstrates that the majority of the black middle class are living in black communities, which encompass poor black neighborhoods. As a result, a vulnerable, underemployed black middle class has to contend with inadequate public schools and high crime and poverty rates. Patillo-McCoy focuses on Groveland's multigenerational families, primarily its youth, and neighborhood networks, concluding that the future advancement of African Americans will require that the black middle class be factored into the debate on policies regarding affirmative action, segregation, and poverty. For specialized collections in African American studies, urban studies, and sociology.ASherri Barnes, Long Island Univ. Lib., Brooklyn

Main Street to Main Frames: Landscape and Social Change in Poughkeepsie Authored by two Vassar College Professors, Harvey K. Flad and Clyde Griffen. This book is available at the Barnes and Nobles store on Route 9, Poughkeepsie, NY. The history of growth, decline, and revitalization in Poughkeepsie, New York, parallels that of many other small northeastern cities. Main Street to Mainframes tells the story of Poughkeepsie's transformation over the past three centuries--from an agricultural market town, to a small city with a diversified economy centered on Main Street, to an urban region dependent on the success of one corporation--and how this transformation has affected the lives and landscape of its inhabitants. As it adjusted to major changes in agriculture, transportation, and industry, Poughkeepsie was also shaped by the forces and tensions of immigration and race. The voices of immigrant and migrant newcomers, from the Germans, Irish, and African Americans of the nineteenth century to the Italians, Poles, and Latinos of the twentieth, enliven the narrative and offer personal perspectives on the social and demographic shifts that have taken place over the years. The book also places Poughkeepsie in the context of the mid-Hudson Valley's other cities--Kingston, Newburgh, and Hudson--as they competed from the colonial period onward. Finally, the book examines recent revitalization efforts based on tourism, culture, and the arts.
More than just a local history, Main Street to Mainframes addresses important issues in urban and regional planning, community development, and sociology. Like a palimpsest, Poughkeepsie shows how past landscapes live on in the present, and how, over time, popular perceptions both shape and reflect urban and rural realities.
"This is a profoundly important book, a model community history from a cross-disciplinary perspective that concentrates on the transformations of the land and the built environment. It is also timely. It makes clear that, in Poughkeepsie's case at least, revitalization has just entered an important phase." -- Field Horne, Conference on New York State History

The End of Poverty: How can we make it Happen in our Lifetime
By Jeffrey Sachs. Jeffrey Sachs draws on his remarkable 25 years’ experience to offer a thrilling and inspiring vision of the keys to economic success in the world today. Marrying vivid storytelling with acute analysis, he sets the stage by drawing a conceptual map of the world economy and explains why, over the past 200 years, wealth and poverty have diverged and evolved across the planet, and why the poorest nations have been so markedly unable to escape the trap of poverty. Sachs tells the remarkable stories of his own work in Bolivia, Poland, Russia, India, China and Africa to bring readers with him to an understanding of the different problems countries face. In the end, readers will be left not with an understanding of how daunting the world’s problems are, but how solvable they are – and why making the effort is both our moral duty and in our own interests.

There Goes the Neighborhood
By William Julius Wilson and Richard P. Taub. A stunning, long-awaited book that looks at the (still) shocking truths of race, ethnicity, and class in America today.
William Julius Wilson, among our most admired sociologists and urban policy advisers, author of When Work Disappears (“Profound and disturbing”—Time; “His magnum opus”—David Remnick, The New Yorker), and Richard P. Taub, chairman of the Department on Comparative Human Development at the University of Chicago, spent three years with a group of researchers studying four working- and lower-middle-class Chicago neighborhoods: African American, white ethnic, Latino, and one in transition from white ethnic to Latino.
Their focus: to understand how and why certain urban residents react to looming racial, ethnic, or class changes, and what their reactions mean in terms of the stability of their neighborhood.
Using first-person narratives and interviews throughout, There Goes the Neighborhood gives voice to attitudes and realities few Americans are willing to look at. Their findings lay bare a disturbing and incontrovertible truth: that the American dream of racial integration, forty-two years after the passage of the Civil Rights Act, still eludes us—and, in fact, may not happen in the foreseeable future.
The authors examine the ways in which forces that contribute to strong neighborhoods work against the idea of integration. They explain why residents of neighborhoods with weak social organizations often choose to move rather than confront unwanted ethnic or racial change. Finally, the authors make clear that the racial and ethnic tensions that have become all but inherent to urban neighborhoods have urgent implications for Americans at every level of society.
Groundbreaking, authoritative, eye-opening—and certain to rekindle, and permanently alter, the discussion of race relations in our time.

There Goes the Hood
By Lance Freeman. In this revealing book, Lance Freeman sets out to answer a seemingly simple question: how does gentrification actually affect residents of neighborhoods in transition? To find out, Freeman does what no scholar before him has done. He interviews the indigenous residents of two predominantly black neighborhoods that are in the process of gentrification: Harlem and Clinton Hill, Brooklyn. By listening closely to what people tell him, he creates a more nuanced picture of the impacts of gentrification on the perceptions, attitudes and behaviors of the people who stay in their neighborhoods.
Freeman describes the theoretical and planning/policy implications of his findings, both for New York City and for any gentrifying urban area. There Goes the 'Hood provides a more complete, and complicated, understanding of the gentrification process, highlighting the reactions of long-term residents. It suggests new ways of limiting gentrification's negative effects and of creating more positive experiences for newcomers and natives alike.

Everyday Multiculturalism
Edited by Wise, Amanda and Selvaraj Velayutham (2009). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. This book explores everyday lived experiences of multiculturalism in the contemporary world. Drawing on place-based case studies, chapters in the collection focus on encounters and interactions across cultural difference in super-diverse cities to explore what it means to inhabit multiculturalism in our everyday lives. The book discusses intercultural embodiment, senses and habitus, interethnic solidarity and cultural exchange, everyday racism, multiculturalism and food, micro-publics, and the politics of place sharing. Sites of inter-ethnic encounter explored include shopping and street markets, gyms, community gardens, neighboring, and sport. Interweaving ethnography and contemporary social and cultural theoretical approaches from disciplines such as sociology, cultural geography, anthropology and cultural studies, the collection features case studies from the UK, Europe, Australia, the US, and Asia.

Rethinking Racism: Emotion, Persuasion, and Literacy Education in an All-White High School 
By Jennifer Seibel Trainor, proposes a new understanding of the roots of racism, one that is based on attention to the role of emotion and the dynamics of persuasion. This one-year ethnographic study argues against previous assumptions about racism, demonstrating instead how rhetoric and emotion, as well as the processes and culture of schools, are involved in the formation of racist beliefs.

Beyond Heroes and Holidays: A Practical Guide to K-12 Anti-Racist, Multicultural Education and Staff Development
Edited by Enid Lee, Deborah Menkart and Margo Okazawa-Rey published by Teaching For Change.
Following are excerpts from the review of David Stone (Ohio State University) in Democracy and Education Fall 1998... "Beyond Heroes and Holidays is a find. It offers insight into how the traditional American educational system perpetuates racism in all curricular areas, It provides a rich array of resources, models and strategies for promoting multicultural education. And it can be used by all teachers-new as well as experienced, K-12 as well as university-level. This book is for anyone who has either wondered or been asked, 'How can I incorporate multicultural education into my classroom?'"

Building a House for Diversity
By Marjorie Woodruff - In a way that makes diversity management "up close and personal," Building a House for Diversity offers compelling, real-life stories of individual experiences at work. It includes: * the perspective of both "insiders" (usually white males) and "outsiders" (usually minorities or women) * insightful commentary illuminating what these experiences tell us about the challenges and opportunities of diversity.

Cultural Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know
By Eric Donald Hirsch, Joseph F. Kett, James S. Trefil. In this forceful manifesto, Hirsch argues that children in the U.S. are being deprived of the basic knowledge that would enable them to function in contemporary society. Hirsch identified 5,000 names, dates, essential facts and concepts that an educated person should know, in fields as diverse as science, culture, religion, and art history.

Faculty of Color: Teaching in Predominantly White Colleges and Universities (2006) Edited by Christine Starkey, authors representing a variety of disciplines discuss multiple dimensions of teaching in predominantly white institutions (PWI's). Racial stereotyping, navigating political landscapes, dealing with difference, and scholarly research are some of the topics shared through both a broad and identity-specific lens that provide insight on teaching styles, the importance of mentoring, and separating self-identity from group membership. With chapter titles such as "Racism Will Not Go Away and Neither Will We" and "Putting the Color in Colorado..." this book offers a candid insight on this experience (added January 2009).

The Black Academic's Guide to Winning Tenure-Without Losing Your Soul (2008) By Kerry Ann Rockquemore and Tracey Laszloffy.
While the number of PHD degrees awarded to African Americans has increased in recent years, the landscape of departmental politics, racism, identity affirmation, and under-representation continue to be major issues for junior faculty to navigate, especially for those on the tenure track. This book offers practical advice on how to proactively engage with the process to successfully achieve tenure. Areas of focus include establishing networks, balancing teaching and publishing, and negotiating power and racism. (Added September 2008).

Engaging the Whole of Service-Learning, Diversity, and Learning Communities
(2005) By Joseph Galura, Penny Pasque, David Schoem, & Jeffrey Howard (eds.)
Service-learning, diversity, and learning communities are amongst today's most prominent higher education innovations. Most institutions treat these separately. This book is about the integration of all three at the University of Michigan's exemplary Michigan Community Scholars Program. Voices included are those of national leaders, and faculty, students, staff, and community partners at this living-learning program.

The Latina/o Pathway to the PhD: Abriendo Caminos
(2006) By Melba Vasquez, Hector Garza, Jeanett Castellanos, and Alberta M. Gloria.
The Latina/o population constitutes the largest racial and ethnic minority group in the U.S. and is disproportionately under-represented in college and in graduate programs. This is the first book specifically to engage with the absence of Latinas/os in doctoral studies. It proposes educational and administrative strategies to open up the pipeline, and institutional practices to ensure access, support, models, and training for Latinas/os aspiring to the Ph.D.

How Black Colleges Empower Black Students: Lessons for Higher Education (2006) Edited by Frank W. Hale Jr.
How is it that historically Black colleges graduate so many low-income and academically poorly prepared students? How do they manage to do so well with students "as they are," even when adopting open admissions policies? In this volume, contributors from a wide spectrum of Black colleges offer insights and examples of the policies and practice--such as retention strategies, co-curricular activities and approaches to mentoring, which underpin their disproportionate success with populations that too often fail in other institutions.

Breaking the Code of Good Intentions: Everyday Forms of Whiteness
(2004) By Melanie E.L. Bush.
Examining the contemporary white experience, BREAKING THE CODE OF GOOD INTENTIONS examines why most white people in the United States believe we have achieved racial equality, even though social and economic indicators suggest otherwise. Drawing on systematic research conducted at the largest urban public university in the country, Melanie Bush explores white students' perceptions about identity, privilege, democracy, and inter-group relations. Concluding with recommendations for academia and society at large, the author contends that the time is overdue for the dismantling of narratives that align ordinary whites with global elites. Indeed, she argues, the very future of humanity depends on challenging this persistent pattern.

Transforming the First Year of College for Students of Color
(2004) Laura I. Rendón, Mildred García, and Dawn Person, Editors.
Multicultural centers, ethnic student organizations, and diversity awareness programs are common on America's college campuses. Yet students of color still experience difficulty accessing and succeeding in American higher education. In a new monograph, Laura I. Rendón, Mildred García, and Dawn Person argue that specialized programs are necessary but not sufficient to ensure the success of first-year students of color. Rather, institutions must transform their approach to the first college year for these students.

Faculty Diversity: Problems and Solutions
(2004) By JoAnn Moody.
Colleges and universities have made strides in diversifying their student bodies, however, they have not achieved similar success with efforts to diversify their staffs. In this book, JoAnn Moody illustrates the the barriers that minorities and women encounter as they enter the professoriate. The author offers several practical solutions for campuses, departments, and individual faculty to follow, which may improve their evaluation, recruitment, retention, and mentorship of women and minorities.

Building Bridges for Women of Color in Higher Education a Practical Guide to Success
(2006) Edited by Conchita Y. Battle and Chontrese M. Doswell.
Building Bridges for Women of Color in Higher Education is designed to create a forum for synthesizing collective voices from women of color in academia. This book will serve as a professional development tool for academicians, both embarking upon and maintaining careers in higher education. Filled with dynamic women of color sharing one of their most valuable resources, their experience, the authors will mentor the reader by discussing practical lessons and mapping career path strategies. Building Bridges for Women of Color in Higher Education will serve as a place for women, in any phase of their academic careers, to turn for inspiration and guidance.

The Intercultural Campus: Transcending Culture and Power in American Higher Education
(2003) By Greg Tanka.
Discussing studies conducted over an eight-year period, this book reveals the underlying sources of racial fragmentation on university campuses and outlines a new framework for diversity. Tanaka describes specific programs that all campuses should implement when admitting diverse classes. Signaling a larger shift for progressives away from binary, essentialized notions of identity to individual agency, or "subjectivity," this book advances a social change philosophy based in interdependence and highlights the skills that future U.S. leaders will need to interact successfully with others in our diverse global society

Covering: The Hidden Assault on Our Civil Rights
(2007) By Kenji Yoshino.
To cover is to downplay a disfavored trait so as to blend into the mainstream. Kenji Yoshino argues that the demand to cover can pose a hidden threat to our civil rights. Though we have come to some consensus against penalizing people for differences based on race, sex, sexual orientation, religion, and disability, we still routinely deny equal treatment to people who refuse to downplay differences along these lines. In a wide-ranging analysis, Yoshino demonstrates that American civil rights law has generally ignored the threat posed by these covering demands. With passion and rigor, he shows that the work of civil rights will not be complete until it attends to the harms of coerced conformity.

Regulating Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire (2006)
Examining the operation of tolerance in contexts as different as the War on Terror, campaigns for gay rights, and the Los Angeles Museum of Tolerance, Wendy Brown traces the operation of tolerance in contemporary struggles over identity, citizenship, and civilization.

Colonial Subjects: Puerto Ricans in a Global Perspective
(2003) By Ramón Grosfoguel.
Colonial Subjects is the first book to use a combination of world-system and postcolonial approaches to compare Puerto Rican migration with Caribbean migration to both the United States and Western Europe. Ramón Grosfoguel provides an alternative reading of the world-system approach to Puerto Rico's history, political economy, and urbanization processes. He offers a comprehensive and well-reasoned framework for understanding the position of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, the position of Puerto Ricans in the United States, and the position of colonial migrants compared to non-colonial migrants in the world system.

Right Before Our Eyes: Latinos Past, Present and Future
(2004) By Robert Montemayor.
Right Before Our Eyes helps us to understand why Latinos are a growing and significant economic engine. Latinos and non-Latinos alike will have a vivid picture of the contributions, the changes, the near-and long-term impact that Latinos have had and will have on America at every level: history, business, arts and culture, politics and government, the judiciary, the military, and every other major element that contributes to society.
Building on the Promise of Diversity: How We Can Move to the Next Level in

Our Workplaces, Our Communities and Our Society
(2005) By R. Roosevelet Thomas Jr.
Building on the Promise of Diversity gives insights and skills needed to navigate through simmering tensions-and find creative solutions for achieving cohesiveness, connectedness, and common goals.

How Race is Made: Slavery, Segregation and the Sense
(2006) By Mark M. Smith.
For at least two centuries, argues Mark Smith, white southerners used all of their senses--not just their eyes--to construct racial difference and define race. His provocative analysis, extending from the colonial period to the mid-twentieth century, shows how whites of all classes used the artificial binary of "black" and "white" to justify slavery and erect the political, legal, and social structure of segregation.

Neither Enemies Nor Friends: Latinos, Blacks, Afro-Latinos (2005)
In Neither Enemies Nor Friends: Latinos, Blacks, Afro-Latinos, the 15 contributing authors explore relationships between Blacks, Latinos and Afro-Latinos, and point out both the striking similarities and differences in the racial politics of the Americas - North, Central and South - and the Caribbean.

East Main Street: Asian American Popular Culture
(2005) Edited by Shilpa Davé, LeiLani Nishime, and Tasha G. Oren.
By tracing cross-cultural influences and global cultural trends, the essays in East Main Street bring Asian American Studies, in all its interdisciplinary richness, to bear on a broad spectrum of cultural artifacts. Contributors consider topics ranging from early Asian American movie starts to the influences of South Asian iconography on rave culture, and from the marketing of Asian culture though foods and the contemporary clamor for transnational Chinese women's historical fiction. NYU Press.

Snow Flower and the Secret Fan
By Lisa See, 2006.
This novel follows the life of two young girls in China when foot-binding was still a common and accepted practice.


Don't Let's Go To The Dogs Tonight: An African Childhood
By Alexandra Fuller. Random House, 2001.
This memoir by Alexandra Fuller, the daughter of English farmers, tells the story of her childhood growing up in Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) during its civil war in the 1970s. She describes her parents' racism, the upheaval of the war, and the tense relations between blacks and whites. Through exile, loss, and other difficulties, she never loses her affection either for her family or for her homeland. The author gives a moving account of tumultuous and historic times through the eyes of a very young eyewitness.

The House at Sugar Beach: In Search of a Lost African Childhood
By Helene Cooper. Simon & Schuster, 2008.
The House at Sugar Beach is a compelling memoir by New York Times journalist Helene Cooper. In it, she recounts her childhood growing up in Liberia in the 1970s as the privileged descendent of Liberia's founding families. Her idyllic youth ends in 1980 when soldiers stage a violent coup d'etat and Helene's family is forced into exile in the United States. As Liberia is torn apart by civil war, Helene struggles to find her place in her new country and must deal with painful memories from her homeland. Much later, she returns to Liberia to search for the adopted sister she left behind.